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Python 3.9.0b3

Release Date: June 9, 2020

This is a beta preview of Python 3.9

Python 3.9 is still in development. This release, 3.9.0b3, is the third of five planned beta release previews. Beta release previews are intended to give the wider community the opportunity to test new features and bug fixes and to prepare their projects to support the new feature release.

Call to action

We strongly encourage maintainers of third-party Python projects to test with 3.9 during the beta phase and report issues found to the Python bug tracker as soon as possible. While the release is planned to be feature complete entering the beta phase, it is possible that features may be modified or, in rare cases, deleted up until the start of the release candidate phase (2020-08-10). Our goal is have no ABI changes after beta 5 and as few code changes as possible after 3.9.0rc1, the first release candidate. To achieve that, it will be extremely important to get as much exposure for 3.9 as possible during the beta phase.

Please keep in mind that this is a preview release and its use is not recommended for production environments.

Major new features of the 3.9 series, compared to 3.8

Some of the new major new features and changes in Python 3.9 are:

  • PEP 584, Union Operators in dict
  • PEP 585, Type Hinting Generics In Standard Collections
  • PEP 593, Flexible function and variable annotations
  • PEP 602, Python adopts a stable annual release cadence
  • PEP 615, Support for the IANA Time Zone Database in the Standard Library
  • PEP 616, String methods to remove prefixes and suffixes
  • PEP 617, New PEG parser for CPython
  • BPO 38379, garbage collection does not block on resurrected objects;
  • BPO 38692, os.pidfd_open added that allows process management without races and signals;
  • BPO 39926, Unicode support updated to version 13.0.0;
  • BPO 1635741, when Python is initialized multiple times in the same process, it does not leak memory anymore;
  • A number of Python builtins (range, tuple, set, frozenset, list, dict) are now sped up using PEP 590 vectorcall;
  • A number of Python modules (_abc, audioop, _bz2, _codecs, _contextvars, _crypt, _functools, _json, _locale, operator, resource, time, _weakref) now use multiphase initialization as defined by PEP 489;
  • A number of standard library modules (audioop, ast, grp, _hashlib, pwd, _posixsubprocess, random, select, struct, termios, zlib) are now using the stable ABI defined by PEP 384.

  • (Hey, fellow core developer, if a feature you find important is missing from this list, let Ɓukasz know.)

The next pre-release, the fourth beta release of Python 3.9, will be 3.9.0b4. It is currently scheduled for 2020-06-29.

More resources

And now for something completely different

Mrs Concrete (Terry Jones): Oh yes, we've been expecting you.
Ratcatcher (Graham Chapman): I gather you've got a little rodental problem.
Mrs Concrete: Oh, blimey. You'd think he was awake all the night, scrabbling down by the wainscotting.
Ratcatcher: Um, that's an interesting word, isn't it?
Mrs Concrete: What?
Ratcatcher: Wainscotting ... Wainscotting ... Wainscotting ... sounds like a little Dorset village, doesn't it? Wainscotting.
Ratcatcher: Now, where is it worst?
Mrs Concrete: Well, down here. You can usually hear them.
(Indicates base of wall, which has a label on it saying 'Wainscotting'.)
Ratcatcher: Sssssh
Voice Over: Baa ... baa ... baa ... baa ... baa ... baa...
Ratcatcher: No, that's sheep you've got there.
Voice Over: Baa ... baa.
Ratcatcher: No, that's definitely sheep. A bit of a puzzle, really.
Mrs Concrete: Is it?
Ratcatcher: Yeah, well, I mean it's a) not going to respond to a nice piece of cheese and b) it isn't going to fit into a trap.

Full Changelog


Version Operating System Description MD5 Sum File Size GPG
Gzipped source tarball Source release 8afa74ec98580c2467e42d4029afb7e5 24932540 SIG
XZ compressed source tarball Source release 09dd89caded1661ddebec6475d945c6f 18518204 SIG
macOS 64-bit installer Mac OS X for OS X 10.9 and later a3ec5e297a4c16f7891312b1dade51f5 30093469 SIG
Windows help file Windows 43a26a217d4db2e7cc858c4ba854cf2f 8729829 SIG
Windows x86-64 embeddable zip file Windows for AMD64/EM64T/x64 811f16e964aac9bb191cd5f974feb4bd 8389368 SIG
Windows x86-64 executable installer Windows for AMD64/EM64T/x64 3923d3b90d6ae0e64c0ac275b23c9c8f 28275968 SIG
Windows x86-64 web-based installer Windows for AMD64/EM64T/x64 d4d954b9e9dd37f9667f0bd764c52a79 1364112 SIG
Windows x86 embeddable zip file Windows f0e18f5781f782acdce28957cd55beb7 7567872 SIG
Windows x86 executable installer Windows ed05c9007a0b4f0d9c703bba2429d94b 27189912 SIG
Windows x86 web-based installer Windows 13c315af8abed8a0e047b3582edeb475 1328224 SIG