Release Date: March 7, 2022
This is an early developer preview of Python 3.11
Major new features of the 3.11 series, compared to 3.10
Python 3.11 is still in development. This release, 3.11.0a6 is the sixth of seven planned alpha releases.
Alpha releases are intended to make it easier to test the current state of new features and bug fixes and to test the release process.
During the alpha phase, features may be added up until the start of the beta phase (2022-05-06) and, if necessary, may be modified or deleted up until the release candidate phase (2022-08-01). Please keep in mind that this is a preview release and its use is not recommended for production environments.
Many new features for Python 3.11 are still being planned and written. Among the new major new features and changes so far:
- PEP 657 -- Include Fine-Grained Error Locations in Tracebacks
- PEP 654 -- Exception Groups and except*
- PEP 673 -- Self Type
- PEP 646-- Variadic Generics
- PEP 680-- tomllib: Support for Parsing TOML in the Standard Library
- The Faster Cpython Project is already yielding some exciting results: this version of CPython 3.11 is ~ 19% faster on the geometric mean of the PyPerformance benchmarks, compared to 3.10.0.
- (Hey, fellow core developer, if a feature you find important is missing from this list, let Pablo know.)
The next pre-release of Python 3.11 will be 3.11.0a7, currently scheduled for Tuesday, 2022-04-05.
- Online Documentation
- PEP 664, 3.11 Release Schedule
- Report bugs at https://bugs.python.org.
- Help fund Python and its community.
And now for something completely different
In astrophysics and nuclear physics, nuclear pasta is a theoretical type of degenerate matter that is postulated to exist within the crusts of neutron stars. If it does in fact exist, nuclear pasta is the strongest material in the universe. Between the surface of a neutron star and the quark-gluon plasma at the core, at matter densities of 10^14 g/cm3, nuclear attraction and Coulomb repulsion forces are of similar magnitude. The competition between the forces leads to the formation of a variety of complex structures assembled from neutrons and protons. Astrophysicists call these types of structures nuclear pasta because the geometry of the structures resembles various types of pasta.
There are several phases of evolution (I swear these names are real), including the gnocchi phase, the spaghetti phase, the lasagna phase, the bucatini phase and the Swiss cheese phase.
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