Release Date: Sept. 7, 2021
This is the first release candidate of Python 3.10
This release, 3.10.0rc2, is the last preview before the final release of Python 3.10.0 on 2021-10-04. Entering the release candidate phase, only reviewed code changes which are clear bug fixes are allowed between release candidates and the final release. There will be no ABI changes from this point forward in the 3.10 series and the goal is that there will be as few code changes as possible.
Call to action
We strongly encourage maintainers of third-party Python projects to prepare their projects for 3.10 compatibility during this phase. As always, report any issues to the Python bug tracker.
Please keep in mind that this is a preview release and its use is not recommended for production environments.
Major new features of the 3.10 series, compared to 3.9
Many new features for Python 3.10 are still being planned and written. Among the new major new features and changes so far:
- PEP 623 -- Deprecate and prepare for the removal of the wstr member in PyUnicodeObject.
- PEP 604 -- Allow writing union types as X | Y
- PEP 612 -- Parameter Specification Variables
- PEP 626 -- Precise line numbers for debugging and other tools.
- PEP 618 -- Add Optional Length-Checking To zip.
- bpo-12782: Parenthesized context managers are now officially allowed.
- PEP 632 -- Deprecate distutils module.
- PEP 613 -- Explicit Type Aliases
- PEP 634 -- Structural Pattern Matching: Specification
- PEP 635 -- Structural Pattern Matching: Motivation and Rationale
- PEP 636 -- Structural Pattern Matching: Tutorial
- PEP 644 -- Require OpenSSL 1.1.1 or newer
- PEP 624 -- Remove Py_UNICODE encoder APIs
PEP 597 -- Add optional EncodingWarning
(Hey, fellow core developer, if a feature you find important is missing from this list, let Pablo know.)
The next release will be the final release of Python 3.10.0, which is currently scheduled for Monday, 2021-10-04.
from __future__ import annotations (PEP 563) used to be on this list
in previous pre-releases but it has been postponed to Python 3.11 due to some compatibility concerns. You can read the Steering Council communication about it here to learn more.
- Online Documentation
- PEP 619, 3.10 Release Schedule
- Report bugs at https://bugs.python.org.
- Help fund Python and its community.
And now for something completely different
Maxwell's demon is a thought experiment that would hypothetically violate the second law of thermodynamics. It was proposed by the physicist James Clerk Maxwell in 1867. In the thought experiment, a demon controls a small massless door between two chambers of gas. As individual gas molecules (or atoms) approach the door, the demon quickly opens and closes the door to allow only fast-moving molecules to pass through in one direction, and only slow-moving molecules to pass through in the other. Because the kinetic temperature of a gas depends on the velocities of its constituent molecules, the demon's actions cause one chamber to warm up and the other to cool down. This would decrease the total entropy of the two gases, without applying any work, thereby violating the second law of thermodynamics.
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|XZ compressed source tarball||Source release||d3bfe8004516dd5b2afc649ff94be965||18737220||SIG|
|macOS 64-bit universal2 installer||macOS||for macOS 10.9 and later, including macOS 11 Big Sur on Apple Silicon (experimental)||fada6b331699e922efbc1c1c0c6197f8||39725608||SIG|
|Windows embeddable package (32-bit)||Windows||011d61255bf242a5e10e6cd754710148||7522032||SIG|
|Windows embeddable package (64-bit)||Windows||29f66c41e13ca02bfb86a20260610f63||8475522||SIG|
|Windows help file||Windows||7c34a6f4e89d5aa308edacb23322f666||9567441||SIG|
|Windows installer (32-bit)||Windows||acbd60da86d3cc001e9ccbe7366b51f9||27201184||SIG|
|Windows installer (64-bit)||Windows||Recommended||b49614e82253d9ffe3f75f35aefff7eb||28325752||SIG|